Welcome   Sponsored By
Subscribe | Register | Advertise | Newsletter | About us | Contact us
   


The Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) on Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction (BBNJ) congratulating its President, Ambassador Rena Lee

‘Historic’ deal to protect high seas agreed by UN member states

UNITED NATIONS
Monday, March 06, 2023, 02:00 (GMT + 9)

UNITED NATIONS: UN member states finally agreed on Saturday (Mar 4), following years of talks, to a text on the first international treaty to protect the high seas, a fragile and vital treasure that covers nearly half the planet.

"The ship has reached the shore," conference chair Rena Lee announced at the UN headquarters in New York shortly before 9.30pm local time, to applause from delegates.

Mrs Lee is also Singapore’s Ambassador for Oceans and Law of the Sea Issues and Special Envoy of the Minister for Foreign Affairs (MFA). 

The Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) on Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction (BBNJ) congratulating its President, Ambassador Rena Lee, on the successful conclusion of the BBNJ treaty. (Photo Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Singapore) 

After more than 15 years of discussions, including four years of formal talks, the third so-called final negotiating session in less than a year heralded the long-awaited consensus.

The treaty is seen as essential to conserving 30 per cent of the world's land and ocean by 2030, as agreed by world governments in a historic accord signed in Montreal in December.

The exact wording of the text was not immediately released but activists hailed it as a breakthrough moment for the protection of biodiversity.

"This is a historic day for conservation and a sign that in a divided world, protecting nature and people can triumph over geopolitics," said Greenpeace's Laura Meller.

Following two weeks of intense talks at the United Nations headquarters in New York, including a marathon overnight session Friday into Saturday, delegates finalised a text that cannot be significantly altered.

"There will be no reopening or discussions of substance," Mrs Lee told negotiators.

An MFA spokesperson said Singapore welcomes the "successful and timely" conclusion of the agreement and that it looks forward to its universal adoption and effective implementation.  

It also comes just after the 40th anniversary of the adoption of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) in 1982 under another Singaporean President, Ambassador-at-large Tommy Koh, said the spokesperson. 

At the UN headquarters, Mrs Lee thanked delegates who had been in the conference hall for 48 hours and had worked through the night. “The success is also yours,” she told them, to cheers and a standing ovation. “In Singapore, we like to go on learning journeys and this has been the learning journey of a lifetime.”

"The conclusion of this agreement represents a strong affirmation that when nations come together, there is so much more that we can achieve collectively for the betterment of our world," said Mrs Lee, in comments issued via MFA on Sunday evening.

"I am privileged to have played a small part in these global efforts."

THE HIGH SEAS

The agreement will be formally adopted at a later date once it has been vetted by lawyers and translated into the United Nations' six official languages, Mrs Lee announced. 

The high seas begin at the border of countries' exclusive economic zones, which extend up to 370km from coastlines (200 miles). They thus fall under the jurisdiction of no country.

Even though the high seas comprise more than 60 per cent of the world's oceans and nearly half the planet's surface, they have long drawn far less attention than coastal waters and a few iconic species.

Ocean ecosystems create half the oxygen humans breathe and limit global warming by absorbing much of the carbon dioxide emitted by human activities.

But they are threatened by climate change, pollution and overfishing.

Only about 1 per cent of the high seas are currently protected.

When the new treaty comes into force it will allow the creation of marine protected areas in these international waters.

"High seas marine protected areas can play a critical role in building resilience to the impact of climate change," said Liz Karan of The Pew Charitable Trusts, which called the agreement a "momentous achievement".

The treaty will also oblige countries to conduct environmental impact assessments of proposed activities on the high seas.

A highly sensitive chapter on the sharing of potential benefits of newly discovered marine resources was one of the focal points of tensions before it was finally overcome as the scheduled talks, due to end Friday, overran by a day.

"PROFITS"

Developing countries, without the means to afford costly research, had fought not to be excluded from the expected windfall from the commercialisation of potential substances discovered in international waters.

Eventual profits are likely from the pharmaceutical, chemical or cosmetic use of newly discovered marine substances that belong to no one.

As in other international forums, notably climate negotiations, the debate ended up being a question of ensuring equity between the poorer global South and richer North, observers noted.

An exclusive economic zone (EEZ), as prescribed by the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, is an area of the sea in which a sovereign state has special rights regarding the exploration and use of marine resources, including energy production from water and wind. It stretches from the outer limit of the territorial sea (12 nautical miles from the baseline) out to 200 nautical miles (nmi) from the coast of the state in question. It is also referred to as a maritime continental margin and, in colloquial usage, may include the continental shelf. The term does not include either the territorial sea or the continental shelf beyond the 200 nautical mile limit. The difference between the territorial sea and the exclusive economic zone is that the first confers full sovereignty over the waters, whereas the second is merely a "sovereign right" which refers to the coastal state's rights below the surface of the sea. The surface waters, as can be seen in the map, are international waters (Source: Wikipedia)

In a move seen as an attempt to build trust between rich and poor countries, the European Union pledged €40 million (US$42 million) in New York to facilitate the ratification of the treaty and its early implementation.

The EU also announced US$860 million for research, monitoring and conservation of oceans in 2023 at the Our Ocean conference in Panama that ended Friday. Panama said a total of US$19 billion was pledged by countries.

In 2017, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution calling on nations to establish a high seas treaty.

It originally planned four negotiating sessions but had to pass two resolutions to ensure two additional sessions.

"We can now finally move from talk to real change at sea," said Greenpeace's Meller.

 

Source: channelnewsasia

[email protected]
www.seafood.media


 Print


Click to know how to advertise in FIS
MORE NEWS
China
Mar 1, 07:40 (GMT + 9):
Southeast Pacific Squid Index: Giant squid (dosidicus gigas)
Norway
Mar 1, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
Lerøy is Working to Reduce Impact After Salmon Escape in Gjemnes
Viet Nam
Mar 1, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
Vietnam's Pangasius Exports See Growth in January
United States
Mar 1, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
Automating Oyster Farming: FlipFarm Launching Two Products Set to Redefine Efficiency and Productivity in Oyster Aquaculture
Iceland
Mar 1, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
Kaldbakur acquired Optimar International AS
United States
Mar 1, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
NFI Welcomes BlueNalu, Pioneers Cell-Cultured Seafood, Launches Sushi Council in Industry Firsts
Peru
Mar 1, 01:50 (GMT + 9):
Agreement to increase scientific research on giant squid
Argentina
Mar 1, 01:00 (GMT + 9):
Chubut's Shrimp Season Resumes After One-Month Pause
United Kingdom
Mar 1, 01:00 (GMT + 9):
Investment by Shetland pelagic fleet nets environmental benefits
Norway
Mar 1, 00:00 (GMT + 9):
Other Media | FishFocus: Sigmund Bjørgo returns to the Norwegian Seafood Council
United States
Feb 29, 09:00 (GMT + 9):
IN BRIEF - NFI 2023’s New Member Expansion Continues in 2024
Viet Nam
Feb 29, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
Vietnam Shrimp Exports Surge 71%
Singapore
Feb 29, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
Barramundi Group: Facility offer of USD 11.5 M received for expansion of Brunei operations
Norway
Feb 29, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
Ode acquire its own cod processing plant
European Union
Feb 29, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
EU Project: Turning the toxic pufferfish into aquaculture feed



Lenguaje
FEATURED EVENTS
  
TOP STORIES
Agreement to increase scientific research on giant squid
Peru Agreement promotes work between the public and private sectors to guarantee the conservation and sustainable development of the giant squid (Dosiducus Gigas). The Ministry of Production (PRODUCE), th...
Chubut's Shrimp Season Resumes After One-Month Pause
Argentina Vessels fishing north of Rawson continue to catch shellfish sizes L2 and L1; to the south similar sizes and somewhat smaller. The fishing production chain is slowly resuming. Yesterday, more than thir...
Statistics │ Export │Salmon fillets │ USA, Canada, Germany, France, Netherlands and Japan │ 2022-23
China Source: FIS by SeafoodMediaGroup  | Click to enlarge it    [email protected] www.seafood.media...
NFI Welcomes BlueNalu, Pioneers Cell-Cultured Seafood, Launches Sushi Council in Industry Firsts
United States The following is an excerpt from an article published by bnnbreaking: Learn how the National Fisheries Institute's strategic inclusion of BlueNalu and the launch of the Sushi Council are shaping the ...
 

Maruha Nichiro Corporation
Nichirei Corporation - Headquarters
Pesquera El Golfo S.A.
Ventisqueros - Productos del Mar Ventisqueros S.A
Wärtsilä Corporation - Wartsila Group Headquarters
ITOCHU Corporation - Headquarters
BAADER - Nordischer Maschinenbau Rud. Baader GmbH+Co.KG (Head Office)
Inmarsat plc - Global Headquarters
Marks & Spencer
Tesco PLC (Supermarket) - Headquarters
Sea Harvest Corporation (PTY) Ltd. - Group Headquarters
I&J - Irvin & Johnson Holding Company (Pty) Ltd.
AquaChile S.A. - Group Headquarters
Pesquera San Jose S.A.
Nutreco N.V. - Head Office
CNFC China National Fisheries Corporation - Group Headquarters
W. van der Zwan & Zn. B.V.
SMMI - Sunderland Marine Mutual Insurance Co., Ltd. - Headquarters
Icicle Seafoods, Inc
Starkist Seafood Co. - Headquearters
Trident Seafoods Corp.
American Seafoods Group LLC - Head Office
Marel - Group Headquarters
SalMar ASA - Group Headquarters
Sajo Industries Co., Ltd
Hansung Enterprise Co.,Ltd.
BIM - Irish Sea Fisheries Board (An Bord Iascaigh Mhara)
CEFAS - Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science
COPEINCA ASA - Corporacion Pesquera Inca S.A.C.
Chun Cheng Fishery Enterprise Pte Ltd.
VASEP - Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters & Producers
Gomes da Costa
Furuno Electric Co., Ltd. (Headquarters)
NISSUI - Nippon Suisan Kaisha, Ltd. - Group Headquarters
FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization - Fisheries and Aquaculture Department (Headquarter)
Hagoromo Foods Co., Ltd.
Koden Electronics Co., Ltd. (Headquarters)
A.P. Møller - Maersk A/S - Headquarters
BVQI - Bureau Veritas Quality International (Head Office)
UPS - United Parcel Service, Inc. - Headquarters
Brim ehf (formerly HB Grandi Ltd) - Headquarters
Hamburg Süd Group - (Headquearters)
Armadora Pereira S.A. - Grupo Pereira Headquarters
Costa Meeresspezialitäten GmbH & Co. KG
NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Headquarters)
Mowi ASA (formerly Marine Harvest ASA) - Headquarters
Marubeni Europe Plc -UK-
Findus Ltd
Icom Inc. (Headquarter)
WWF Centroamerica
Oceana Group Limited
The David and Lucile Packard Foundation
Ajinomoto Co., Inc. - Headquarters
Friosur S.A. - Headquarters
Cargill, Incorporated - Global Headquarters
Benihana Inc.
Leardini Pescados Ltda
CJ Corporation  - Group Headquarters
Greenpeace International - The Netherlands | Headquarters
David Suzuki Foundation
Fisheries and Oceans Canada -Communications Branch-
Mitsui & Co.,Ltd - Headquarters
NOREBO Group (former Ocean Trawlers Group)
Natori Co., Ltd.
Carrefour Supermarket - Headquarters
FedEx Corporation - Headquarters
Cooke Inc. - Group Headquarters
AKBM - Aker BioMarine ASA
Seafood Choices Alliance -Headquarter-
Austevoll Seafood ASA
Walmart | Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. (Supermarket) - Headquarters
New Japan Radio Co.Ltd (JRC) -Head Office-
Gulfstream JSC
Marine Stewardship Council - MSC Worldwide Headquarters
Royal Dutch Shell plc (Headquarter)
Genki Sushi Co.,Ltd -Headquarter-
Iceland Pelagic ehf
AXA Assistance Argentina S.A.
Caterpillar Inc. - Headquarters
Tiger Brands Limited
SeaChoice
National Geographic Society
AmazonFresh, LLC - AmazonFresh

Copyright 1995 - 2024 Seafood Media Group Ltd.| All Rights Reserved.   DISCLAIMER